T-96 Day 4 of 100 Days of Blogging
10 facts about the Cardinalidae family
Today’s post features the Bird Family of the week.
Order: Passeriformes (perching birds)
#1. The Cardinalidae Family includes 42 species in North America. Nine of these are found in the US with some in Canada. The remaining species occur in Mexico, central America, and South America.
#2. Seven species in this family are on the BPQ checklist, four breed here, the Northern Cardinal, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Scarlet Tanager and Indigo Bunting . The Summer Tanager, Western Tanger and Dickcissel are irregular visitors.
#3. This family of birds features species that are strongly sexually dimorphic, with brightly coloured males.
#4. Females and immature males usually more dull and difficult to ID.
#5. Except for the Northern Cardinal, all of the breeding species are nocturnal Neotropical migrants.
#6. Cardinals and Grosbeaks are among the larger birds of the species within this family.
#7. Genus Cardinalis have a prominent crest.
#8 Social behavior: mainly solitary or in pairs but a few form flocks after breeding
#9. In most species just the males sing, but the female Northern Cardinal is also known to sing while sitting on the nest.
#10. Birds in this family are characterized by their large conical bill which is adapted to eat fruits and crush seeds.